Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Answers Key

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Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Answers Key – Unit 1 to Unit 15 Revealed For Free

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Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Answers Key

Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 1 Answers

Q. approbation
(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
SYN: sanction
ANT: disapproval, condemnation, censure

Q. assuage
(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
SYN: mitigate, slake, allay
ANT: intensify, aggravate, exacerbate

Q. coalition
(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
SYN: alliance, league, federation, combine
ANT: splinter group

Q. decadence
(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
SYN: degeneration, corruption
ANT: rise, growth, maturation

Q. elicit
(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source
SYN: evoke, extract, educe
ANT: repress, quash, squelch, stifle

Q. expostulate
(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
SYN: protest, remonstrate, complain

Q. hackneyed
(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality
SYN: banal, trite, commonplace, corny
ANT: new, fresh, novel, original

Q. hiatus
(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
SYN: pause, lacuna
ANT: continuity, continuation

Q. innuendo
(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
SYN: insinuation, intimation
ANT: direct statement

Q. intercede
(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
SYN: intervene, mediate

Q. jaded
(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
SYN: sated, surfeited, cloyed
ANT: unspoiled, uncloyed

Q. lurid
(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
SYN: gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly
ANT: pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome

Q. meritorious
(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise
SYN: praiseworthy, laudable, commendable
ANT: blameworthy, reprehensible

Q. petulant
(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
SYN: irritable, testy, waspish
ANT: amiable, placid

Q. prerogative
(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
SYN: perquisite, perk

Q. provincial
(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
SYN: (adj.) narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive
ANT: (adj.) cosmopolitan, broad-minded

Q. simulate
(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
SYN: pretend, affect

Q. transcend
(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed
SYN: surpass, outstrip

Q. umbrage
(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
SYN: irritation, pique
ANT: pleasure, delight, satisfaction

Q. unctuous
(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable

SYN: mealymouthed, fawning, greasy
ANT: gruff, blunt


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 2 Answers

Q. ameliorate
(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
Synonyms: amend, better
Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

Q. aplomb
(n.) poise, assurance, great confidence; perpendicularity
Synonyms: composure, self-possession, levelheadedness
Antonyms: confusion, embarrassment, abashment

Q. bombastic
(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
Synonyms: inflated, highfalutin, pretentious
Antonyms: unadorned, simple, plain

Q. callow
(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
Synonyms: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced
Antonyms: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

Q. drivel
(n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
Synonyms: (n.) balderdash, tommyrot; (v) slaver

Q. epitome
(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
Synonyms: abstract, digest, archetype

Q. exhort
(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly
Synonyms: entreat, implore, adjure
Antonyms: discourage, advise against, deprecate

Q. ex officio
(adj., adv.) by virtue of holding a certain office

Q. infringe
(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
Synonyms: encroach, impinge, intrude
Antonyms: stay in bounds, comply

Q. ingratiate
(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
Synonyms: cozy up to, curry favor with
Antonyms: humiliate oneself

Q. interloper
(n.) one who moves where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
Synonyms: trespasser, meddler, buttinsky

Q. intrinsic
(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
Synonyms: immanent, organic
Antonyms: extrinsic, external, outward

Q. inveigh
(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
Synonyms: harangue, remonstrate
Antonyms: acclaim, glorify, extol

Q. lassitude
(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
Synonyms: fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor
Antonyms: energy, vitality, animation, liveliness

Q. millennium
(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
Synonyms: chiliad, golden age
Antonyms: doomsday

Q. occult
(adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse; (n.) matters involving the supernatural
Synonyms: (adj.) esoteric, abstruse, arcane
Antonyms: (adj.) mundane, common, public, exoteric

Q. permeate
(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

Q. precipitate
(v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process
Synonyms: (v.) provoke, produce; (adj.) reckless, impetuous
Antonyms: (adj.) wary, circumspect

Q. stringent
(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
Synonyms: stern, rigorous, tough, urgent
Antonyms: lenient, mild, lax, permissive

Q. surmise
Ans: (v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof
Synonyms: (v.) infer, gather; (n.) inference, presumption


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 3 Answers

Q. Abominate
(v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for
SYNONYMS: loathe, abhor, despise, detest
ANTONYMS: relish, savor, cherish, esteem

Q. acculturation
(n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
SYNONYMS: adaptation

Q. adventitious
(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital
SYNONYMS: extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous
ANTONYMS: essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital

Q. ascribe
(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
SYNONYMS: impute, credit, attribute

Q. circuitous
(adj.) roundabout, not direct
SYNONYMS: indirect, meandering, winding
ANTONYMS: straight, direct, as the crow flies

Q. commiserate
(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
SYNONYMS: feel sorry for, empathize
ANTONYMS: feel no sympathy for

Q. enjoin
(v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
SYNONYMS: bid, charge, command, adjure
ANTONYMS: allow, permit

Q. expedite
(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster
SYNONYMS: accelerate, facilitate, speed up
ANTONYMS: hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct

Q. expiate
(v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert
SYNONYMS: redeem, make amends for, atone, make reparation

Q. ferment
(n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; (v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
SYNONYMS: (n.) commotion, turmoil, unrest
ANTONYMS: (n.) peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity

Q. inadvertent
(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
SYNONYMS: accidental, unconsidered
ANTONYMS: deliberate, intentional, premeditated

Q. nominal
(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
SYNONYMS: titular, token, trifling, inconsequential
ANTONYMS: real, actual, exorbitant, excessive

Q. noncommittal
(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
SYNONYMS: cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest
ANTONYMS: positive, definite, committed

Q. peculate
(v.) to steal something that has been given into one’s trust; to take improperly for one’s own use
SYNONYMS: embezzle, defraud, misappropriate,

Q. proclivity
(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
SYNONYMS: natural, bent, penchant, propensity
ANTONYMS: inability or incapacity

Q. sangfroid
(n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
SYNONYMS: poise, self-assurance, equanimity
ANTONYMS: excitability, hysteria, flappability

Q. seditious
(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
SYNONYMS: mutinous, rebellious, subversive
ANTONYMS: supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant

Q. tenuous
(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
SYNONYMS: flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy
ANTONYMS: strong, solid, substantial, valid

Q. vitriolic
(adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
SYNONYMS: withering, acerbic, mordant
ANTONYMS: bland, saccharine, honeyed, sugary

Q. wheedle
(v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
SYNONYMS: cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
ANTONYMS: coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 4 Answers

Q. affable
(adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
SYNONYMS: genial, amicable, cordial
ANTONYMS: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable

Q. aggrandize
(v.) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater
SYNONYMS: augment, amplify, enhance, exalt
ANTONYMS: reduce, decrease, diminish

Q. amorphous
(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion
SYNONYMS: formless, unstructured, inchoate

Q. archetype
(n.) an original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example of a particular type of person or thing
SYNONYMS: model, prototype, epitome

Q. aura
(n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality
SYNONYMS: ambience, atmosphere

Q. contraband
(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited
SYNONYMS: (adj.) bootleg, unlawful
ANTONYMS: (adj.) legal, lawful, licit

Q. erudite
(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
SYNONYMS: profoundly educated, well-read
ANTONYMS: ignorant, uneducated, illiterate

Q. gossamer
(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n.) a very thin, light cloth
SYNONYMS: (adj.) filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy
ANTONYMS: (adj.) dense, solid, massive

Q. inscrutable
Ans: (adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
SYNONYMS: impenetrable, incomprehensible, enigmatic
ANTONYMS: comprehensible, intelligible, penetrable

Q. insular
(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience
SYNONYMS: narrow-minded, parochial, provincial
ANTONYMS: catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal

Q. irrevocable
(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back
SYNONYMS: unrecallable, unalterable
ANTONYMS: reversible, changeable

Q. propensity
(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward
The young boy has a propensity for tantrums. Whenever something doesn’t go his way, he has a major meltdown.
SYNONYMS: natural bent, proclivity, penchant
ANTONYMS: natural incapacity or inability

Q. querulous
(adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful
SYNONYMS: petulant, irritable
ANTONYMS: uncomplaining, stoical

Q. remonstrate
(v.) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to
SYNONYMS: reason against, expostulate

Q. repudiate
(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of
SYNONYMS: disavow, renounce
ANTONYMS: avow, affirm, aver

Q. resilient
(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
SYNONYMS: springy, elastic
ANTONYMS: rigid, stiff, inflexable

Q. reverberate
(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
SYNONYMS: rumble, thunder, boom, echo

Q. scurrilous
(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
SYNONYMS: obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperative
ANTONYMS: decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified

Q. sedulous
(adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination
SYNONYMS: assiduous, indefatigable
ANTONYMS: indolent, listless

Q. sleazy
Ans: (adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable
SYNONYMS: inferior, cheezy
ANTONYMS: superior, first-rate


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 5 Answers

Q. amnesty
(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
SYNONYM: reprieve

Q. autonomy
(n.) self-government, political control
SYNONYM: home rule
ANTONYMS: dependence, subjection

Q. axiomatic
(adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle
SYNONYM: taken for granted
ANTONYMS: questionable, dubious

Q. blazon
(v.) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely
SYNONYMS: broadcast, trumpet
ANTONYMS: hide, conceal, bury

Q. caveat
(n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
SYNONYMS: admonition, word to the wise

Q. equitable
(adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice
SYNONYMS: right, reasonable, evenhanded
ANTONYMS: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate

Q. extricate
(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort
SYNONYMS: disentangle, extract
ANTONYMS: enmesh, entangle

Q. filch
(v.) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
SYNONYMS: pilfer, purloin, swipe

Q. flout
(v.) to mock, treat with contempt
SYNONYMS: sneer at, snicker at, scorn
ANTONYMS: obey, honor

Q. fractious
(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable
SYNONYMS: refractory, recalcitrant peevish
ANTONYMS: docile, tractable, cooperative

Q. precept
(n.) a rule of conduct or action
SYNONYMS: principle, maxim

Q. salutary
(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome
SYNONYMS: salubrious, curative
ANTONYMS: detrimental, deleterious

Q. scathing
(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
SYNONYMS: searing, harsh, savage
ANTONYMS: bland, mild

Q. scourge
(v.) to whip, punish severely; (n.) a cause of affliction or suffering; a source or severe punishment or criticism
SYNONYMS: (v.) flog, beat; (n.) bane, plague, pestilence
ANTONYMS: (n.) godsend, boon, blessing

Q. sepulchral
(adj.) funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal
SYNONYMS: lugubrious, mortuary

Q. soporific
(adj.) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; (n.) something that induces sleep
SYNONYMS: (n.) narcotic, anesthetic
ANTONYMS: (adj.) stimulating; (n.) stimulant, stimulus

Q. straitlaced
(adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical
SYNONYMS: highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy
ANTONYMS: lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute

Q. transient
(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time
SYNONYMS: (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
ANTONYMS: (adj.) permanent, imperishable, immortal

Q. unwieldy
(adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
SYNONYMS: bulky, clumsy, impractical
ANTONYMS: manageable, easy to handle

Q. vapid
(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
SYNONYMS: lifeless, colorless
ANTONYMS: zesty, spicy, colorful


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 6 Answers

Q. anomalous
(adj.) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
synonyms: exceptional, unusual, aberrant
antonyms: normal, regular, customary, typical, ordinary

Q. aspersion
(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming
synonyms: innuendo, calumny
antonyms: endorsement, praise

Q. bizarre
(adj.) extremely strange, unusual, atypical
synonyms: grotesque, fantastic, outlandish
antonyms: normal, typical, ordinary, expected

Q. brusque
(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities
synonyms: tactless, ungracious
antonyms: tactful, diplomatic

Q. cajole
(v.) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises
synonyms: wheedle, inveigle
antonyms: coerce, force

Q. castigate
(v.) to punish severely; to criticize severely
synonyms: chastise, censure
antonyms: honor, praise, laud

Q. contrive
(v.) to plan with ingenuity; to bring about through a plan
synonyms: think up, concoct, fabricate

Q. demagogue
(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
synonyms: rabble-rouser, firebrand

Q. disabuse
(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking
synonyms: undeceive, enlighten
antonyms: deceive, delude, pull wool over one´s eyes

Q. ennui
(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom
synonyms: languor, world-weariness, listlessness
antonyms: enthusiasm, liveliness, excitement, intensity

Q. fetter
(n.) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains; (v.) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent
synonyms: (n) bond, restraint; (v) bind, hamper
antonyms: (v) free, liberate, emancipate

Q. heinous
(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful
synonyms: evil, odious, outrageous
antonyms: excellent, wonderful, spledid

Q. immutable
(adj.) not subject to change, constant
synonyms: unchangeable, unalterable, fixed, invariable
antonyms: changeable, inconstant, variable, fickle

Q. insurgent
(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority; (adj.) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on
synonyms: (adj) revolutionary, rebellious, mutinous
antonyms: (adj) loyalist, loyal, faithful

Q. megalomania
(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality
synonyms: delusions of grandeur
antonyms: modesty, self-abasement

Q. sinecure
(n.) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job
synonyms: ¨no-show” job, cushy job, ¨plum¨

Q. surreptitious
(adj.) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
synonyms: furtive, covert, clandestine, concealed
antonyms: open, frank, aboveboard, overt

Q. transgress
(v.) to go beyond a limit of boundary; to sin, violate a law
synonyms: overstep, trespass
antonyms: obey, toe the line

Q. transmute
(v.) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another
synonyms: transform, convert
antonyms: preserve, maintain

Q. vicarious
(adj.) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another
synonyms: surrogate, secondhand
antonyms: actual, firsthand


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 7 Answers

Q. austere
(adj.) severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor
SYNONYMS: forbidding, rigorous, puritanical, ascetic, unadorned
ANTONYMS: mild, indulgent, luxurious, flamboyant

Q. beneficent
(adj.) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good
SYNONYMS: humanitarian, magnanimous, charitable
ANTONYMS: selfish, cruel, harmful, deletorious

Q. cadaverous
(adj.) pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
SYNONYMS: corpselike, wasted, haggard, emaciated, ghastly
ANTONYMS: robust, portly, rosy, the picture of health

Q. concoct
(v.) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as a dish); to devise, invent, fabricate
SYNONYMS: create, fashion, rustle up

Q. crass
(adj.) coarse, unfeeling; stupid
SYNONYMS: crude, tasteless, oafish, obtuse
ANTONYMS: refined, elegant, tasteful, polished, brilliant

Q. debase
(v.) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate
SYNONYMS: cheapen, corrupt, demean, depreciate
ANTONYMS: elevate, uplift, improve, enhance

Q. desecrate
(v.) to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute
SYNONYMS: profane, defile, violate
ANTONYMS: revere, venerate, consecrate

Q. disconcert
(v.) to confuse; to disturb the composure of
SYNONYMS: upset, rattle, ruffle, faze
ANTONYMS: relax, calm, put at ease

Q. grandiose
(adj.) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
SYNONYMS: majestic, bombastic, highfalutin
ANTONYMS: simple, modest, humble

Q. inconsequential
(adj.) trifling, unimportant
SYNONYMS: trivial, negligible, paltry
ANTONYMS: important, essential, crucial

Q. infraction
(n.) a breaking of a law or obligation
SYNONYMS: violation, transgression, offense

Q. mitigate
(v.) to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
SYNONYMS: lessen, relieve, alleviate
ANTONYMS: aggravate, intensify, irritate, exacerbate

Q. pillage
(v.) to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder; (n.) the act of looting; booty
SYNONYMS: (v.) ravage, sack, loot; (n.) booty

Q. prate
(v.) to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion
SYNONYMS: prattle, blab, palaver
ANTONYM: come to the point

Q. punctilious
(adj.) very careful and exact, attentive to fine points of etiquette or propriety
SYNONYMS: precise, scrupulous
ANTONYMS: careless, perfunctory

Q. redoubtable
(adj.) inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent
SYNONYMS: formidable, august
ANTONYMS: laughable, risible

Q. reprove
(v.) to find fault with, scold, rebuke
SYNONYMS: chastise, upbraid, reproach
ANTONYMS: praise, commend, laud, pat on the back

(n.) the act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage
SYNONYMS: reimbursement, redress, restoration

Q. stalwart
(adj.) strong and sturdy; brave; resolute; (n.) a brave, strong person; a strong supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position
SYNONYMS: (adj.) sturdy, stout, intrepid, valiant; (n.) mainstay
ANTONYMS: (adj.) weak, infirm, irresolute, vacillating

Q. vulnerable
(adj.) open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected
SYNONYMS: defenseless, unguarded
ANTONYMS: invincible, protected, safe, secure


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 8 Answers

Q. acrimonious
(adj.) stinging, bitter in temper or tone
SYNONYMS: biting, rancorous, hostile, peevish
ANTONYMS: gentle, warm, mild, cordial

Q. bovine
(adj.) resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive
SYNONYMS: stolid, dull, slow, stupid
ANTONYMS: sharp, bright, keen, quick

Q. consternation
(n.) dismay, confusion
SYNONYMS: shock, amazement, bewilderment, dismay
ANTONYMS: calm, composure, aplomb

Q. corpulent
(adj.) fat; having a large, bulky body
SYNONYMS: overweight, heavy, obese, stout, portly
ANTONYMS: slender, lean, spare, gaunt, emaciated

Q. disavow
(v.) to deny responsibility for or connection with
SYNONYMS: disclaim, retract, abjure
ANTONYMS: acknowledge, admit, grant, certify

Q. dispassionate
(adj.) impartial; calm, free from emotion
SYNONYMS: unbiased, disinterested, cool, detached
ANTONYMS: committed, engaged, partial, biased

Q. dissension
(n.) disagreement, sharp difference of opinion
SYNONYMS: strife, discord, contention
ANTONYMS: agreement, accord, harmony

Q. dissipate
(v.) to cause to disappear; to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagant in pursuit of pleasure
SYNONYMS: disperse, strew, diffuse, waste
ANTONYMS: gather, collect, conserve, husband

Q. expurgate
(v.) to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify
SYNONYMS: purge, censor, bowdlerize

Q. gauntlet
(n.) an armored or protective glove; a challenge; two lines of men armed with weapons with which to beat a person forced to run between them; an ordeal
SYNONYMS: dare, provocation, trial, punishment
ANTONYMS: important, essential, crucial

Q. hypothetical
(adj.) based on an assumption or guess, used as a provisional or tentative idea to guide or direct investigation
SYNONYMS: assumed, supposed, conditional
ANTONYMS: actual, real, tested, substantiated

Q. ignoble
(adj.) mean, low, base
SYNONYMS: inferior, unworthy, sordid
ANTONYMS: admirable, praiseworthy, lofty, noble

(v.) to call into question, to attack as false
SYNONYMS: challenge, deny, dispute, query, question
ANTONYMS: confirm, prove, verify, validate

Q. intemperate
(adj.) immoderate, lacking in self-control; inclement
SYNONYMS: excessive, extreme, unrestrained, inordinate
ANTONYM: moderate, restrained, cool and collected

Q. odium
(n.) hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy resulting from hateful conduct
SYNONYMS: abhorrence, opprobrium, shame, ignominy
ANTONYMS: esteem, admiration, approbation

Q. perfidy
(n.) faithlessness, treachery
SYNONYMS: betrayal, disloyalty, treason
ANTONYMS: faithfulness, loyalty, steadfastness

Q. squeamish
Ans: (adj.) inclined to nausea; easily shocked or upset; excessively fastidious or refined
SYNONYMS: nauseated, queasy, delicate, oversensitive, priggish

Q. relegate
(v.) to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish
SYNONYMS: transfer, consign, demote, exile
ANTONYMS: promote, elevate, advance, recall

Q. subservient
(adj.) subordinate in capacity or role, submissively obedient, serving to promote some end
SYNONYMS: secondary, servile, obsequious, useful
ANTONYMS: primary, principal, bossy, domineering

Q. susceptible
(adj.) open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance
SYNONYMS: vulnerable, receptive, impressionable
ANTONYMS: resistant, immune


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 9 Answers

Q. abate
(v.) to make less in amount, degree, etc.; to subside, become less; to nullify; to deduct, omit
SYNONYMS: diminish, decrease, subside, let up
ANTONYMS: intensify, increase, magnify, wax

Q. adulation
(n.) praise or flattery that is excessive
SYNONYMS: adoration, idolization, hero-worship
ANTONYMS: ridicule, derision, scorn, odium

Q. anathema
(n.) an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)
SYNONYMS: malediction, imprecation, abomination
ANTONYMS: benediction, blessing

Q. astute
(adj.) shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom
SYNONYMS: shrewd, acute, sagacious, judicious, wily
ANTONYMS: obtuse, doltish, empty-headed, dumb

Q. avarice
(n.) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth
SYNONYMS: cupidity, rapacity, acquisitiveness

Q. culpable
(adj.) deserving blame, worthy of condemnation
SYNONYMS: guilty, delinquent, peccant, blameworthy
ANTONYMS: blameless, innocent, laudable, meritorious

Q. dilatory
(adj.) tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt; intended to delay or postpone
SYNONYMS: stalling, slow, tardy, laggard
ANTONYMS: prompt, punctual, speedy, expeditious

Q. egregious
(adj.) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)
SYNONYMS: glaring, flagrant, blatant
ANTONYMS: unnoticeable, paltry, piddling

Q. equivocate
(v.) to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambiguous
SYNONYMS: to talk out of both sides of one’s mouth, palter, hedge
ANTONYMS: to speak one’s mind plainly

Q. evanescent
(adj.) vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy
SYNONYMS: ephemeral, transient, transitory
ANTONYMS: everlasting, immortal, imperishable

Q. irresolute
(adj.) unable to make up one’s mind, hesitating
SYNONYMS: indecisive, vacillating, wavering
ANTONYMS: determined, decisive, unwavering

Q. nebulous
(adj.) cloudlike, resembling a cloud; cloudy in color, not transparent; vague, confused, indistinct
SYNONYMS: hazy, fuzzy, cloudy, vague, murky, opaque, indeterminate
ANTONYMS: definite, distinct, clear, sharply focused

Q. novice
(n.) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)
SYNONYMS: neophyte, tyro, trainee, apprentice
ANTONYMS: veteran, past master, pro, expert

Q. penury
(n.) extreme poverty; barrenness, insufficiency
SYNONYMS: destitution, want, indigence
ANTONYMS: affluence, abundance, luxury, opulence

Q. pretentious
(adj.) done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably; making demands on one’s skill or abilities, ambitious
SYNONYMS: inflated, ostentatious, affected
ANTONYMS: unassuming, unaffected, modest

Q. recapitulate
(v.) to review a series of facts; to sum up
SYNONYMS: review, summarize, sum up, go over

Q. resuscitate
(v.) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence
SYNONYMS: revitalize, reanimate, restore, reactivate

Q. slovenly
(adj.) untidy, dirty, careless
SYNONYMS: unkempt, slatternly, slipshod, lax
ANTONYMS: neat, tidy, careful, meticulous

Q. supposition
(n.) something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence
SYNONYMS: assumption, presumption, hypothesis

Q. torpid
(adj.) inactive, sluggish, dull
SYNONYMS: sluggish, lethargic, otiose, languid
ANTONYMS: energetic, dynamic, vigorous


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 10 Answers

Q. accrue
(v.) To grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural result
SYNONYMS: collect, accumulate, proceed from
ANTONYMS: dwindle, decrease, diminish, lessen

Q. annotation
(n.) A critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work

Q. bedlam
(n.) A state or scene of uproar and confusion
SYNONYMS: commotion, pandemonium, chaos, anarchy
ANTONYMS: peace and quiet, order, tranquility

Q. covert
(adj.) Hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered, secluded
SYNONYMS: (adj.)undercover, clandestine, sub-rosa
ANTONYMS: (adj.) open, overt, undisguised

Q. debonair
(adj.) Pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished in manner and appearance
SYNONYMS: carefree, jaunty, gracious, suave, urbane
ANTONYMS: distraught, agitated, boorish, churlish

Q. dun
(v.) To demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt; (n.) A creditor; (adj.) Dark, dull, drab, dingy
SYNONYMS: hound, pester, harass, nag

Q. efficacious
(adj.) Effective, producing results
SYNONYMS: effectual, efficient, potent, powerful
ANTONYMS: ineffective, worthless, useless

Q. equanimity
(n.) Calmness, composure, refusal to panic
SYNONYMS: tranquility, imperturbability
ANTONYMS: excitability, flappability, agitation

Q. fortuitous
(adj.) Accidental, occurring by a happy chance
SYNONYMS: unintentional, unplanned, random, lucky
ANTONYMS: intentional, deliberate, premeditated

Q. gist
(n.) The essential part, main point, or essence
SYNONYMS: substance, core, nucleus

Q. gratuitous
(adj.) Freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted
SYNONYMS: voluntary, unjustified, uncalled-for
ANTONYMS: justified, warranted

Q. imperious
(adj.) Overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing, compelling
SYNONYMS: domineering, magisterial, urgent, imperative
ANTONYMS: fawning, obsequious, humble, unassuming

Q. invective
(n.) A strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language
SYNONYMS: (n.) vituperation, abuse, diatribe, philippic
ANTONYMS: (n.) tribute, panegyric, encomium

Q. motley
(adj.) Showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors
(n.) A jester’s costume; a jester
SYNONYMS: (adj.) variegated, heterogeneous, diverse; (n.) fool
ANTONYMS: (adj.) uniform, homogeneous, monochromatic

Q. munificent
(adj.) Extremely generous, lavish
SYNONYMS: bounteous, liberal
ANTONYMS: stingy, miserly, tightfisted, parsimonious

Q. procrastinate
(v.) To delay, put off until later
SYNONYMS: stall, temporize, dillydally

Q. provocative
(adj.) Tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire or appetite; irritating, annoying
SYNONYMS: stimulating, arousing, vexing, galling
ANTONYMS: dull, insipid, bland, unstimulating

Q. recondite
(adj.) Exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding
SYNONYMS: esoteric, arcane, profound, abstruse
ANTONYMS:simple, uncomplicated

Q. reprobate
(n.) A depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel
(v.) To disapprove of, condemn
SYNONYMS: (n.) scoundrel, blackguard; (adj.) immoral, corrupt
ANTONYMS: (n.) saint; (adj.) upright, virtuous, moral

Q. sedentary
(adj.) Characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
SYNONYMS: seated, stationary, static
ANTONYMS: active, peripatetic, migratory


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 11 Answers

Q. abstemious
(adj.) moderate, sparing (as in eating or drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-discipline
Synonyms: temperate, sober, moderate
Antonyms: indulgent, immoderate, intemperate

Q. censurable
(adj.) deserving of blame or correction
Synonyms: blameworthy, discreditable, reprehensible
Antonyms: commendable, laudable, meritorious

Q. contingent
(adj.) likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions; happening by chance
(n.) a representative group forming part of a larger body
Synonyms: (adj.) conditional, dependent; (n.) a detachment
Antonyms: (adj.) independent of, unconnected with, certain

Q. corroborate
(v.) to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substantiate, verify
Antonyms: (adj.) refute, contradict, undermine, discredit

Q. denizen
(n.) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place
Synonyms: dweller, habitue
Antonyms: alien, outsider, foreigner

Q. discursive
(adj.) passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic
Synonyms: diffuse, wandering, episodic
Antonyms: short and to the point, succint

Q. disseminate
(v.) to scatter or spread widely
Synonyms: disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate
Antonyms: bring together, concentrate, muster, conceal, hide

Q. dowdy
(adj.) poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste
Synonyms: frumpy, frowsy
Antonyms: chic, elegant, fashionable

Q. florid
(adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy
Synonyms: flushed, ruddy, frilly, flamboyant
Antonyms: pale, ashen, pallid, sallow, austere, stark

Q. foist
(v.) to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion
Synonyms: pass off, palm off, fob off

Q. gauche
(adj.) awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy
S: inept, uncouth, maladroit
A: adroit, tactful, diplomatic, politic

Q. heresy
Ans: (n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
S: unorthodox belief, heterodoxy
A: orthodoxy

Q. inculcate
(v.) to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly
S: instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue
A: efface, extirpate, root out

Q. palpable
(adj.) capable of being touched or felt, easily seen, heard, or recognized
S: obvious, manifest
A: intangible, insubstantial

Q. perceptive
(adj.) having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation
S: insightful, discerning
A: dense, obtuse

Q. pernicious
(adj.) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal
S: injurious, deleterious, baleful, noxious
A: harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious

Q. salient
(adj.) leaping, jumping, or springing forth; prominent, standing out, conspicuous; (n.) a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward
S: (adj.) striking, notable, protrusive, obvious
A: (adj.) inconspicuous, recessive

Q. satiate
(v.) to satisfy completely, too fill to excess; (adj.) full, satisfied
S: (v.) surfeit, gore
A: (v.) deprive entirely of

Q. sear
(v.) to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeeling; to parch; singe

Q. specious
(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit
S: deceptively plausible, sophistic, casuistic
A: valid, sound, solid, genuine


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 12 Answers

Q. absolve
(v.) to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt
SYNONYMS: acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse, pardon
ANTONYMS: condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate

Q. caricature
(n.) a representation in which the subject’s characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated; (v.) to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way
SYNONYMS: (n.) cartoon, burlesque, parody, lampoon

Q. clangor
(n.) a loud ringing sound; (v.) to make a loud ringing noise
SYNONYMS: (n.) din, clamor, uproar
ANTONYMS: (n.) silence, stillness, peace and quiet

Q. contiguous
(adj.) side by side, touching; near; adjacent in time
SYNONYMS: adjoining, abutting, next door to
ANTONYMS: detached, apart, distant, remote

Q. cupidity
(n.) an eager desire for something; greed
SYNONYMS: avarice, rapacity, craving, lust
ANTONYMS: generosity, contentment, satiation, gratification

Q. deleterious
(adj.) harmful, injurious
SYNONYMS: detrimental, destructive, pernicious, damaging
ANTONYMS: helpful, beneficial, harmless, innocuous

Q. enhance
(v.) to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of
SYNONYMS: improve, magnify, heighten, elevate
ANTONYMS: diminish, reduce, lessen, degrade

Q. enthrall
(v.) captivate, charm, hold spellbound; to enslave; to imprison
SYNONYMS: fascinate, enchant, attract, bewitch
ANTONYMS: bore to tears, repel, put someone off

Q. extenuate
(v.) to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses.
SYNONYMS: moderate, mitigate, diminish, downplay
ANTONYMS: intensify, aggravate, worsen, exacerbate

Q. implicit
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservations, unquestioning; potentially contained in
SYNONYMS: inferred, tacit, unspoken, unconditional
ANTONYMS: explicit, expressed, stated, revealed

Q. incisive
(adj.) sharp, keen, penetrating
SYNONYMS: acute, cutting, perceptive, trenchant

Q. ostentatious
(adj.) marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy
SYNONYMS: flashy, overdone, affected, flamboyant
ANTONYMS: modes, plain, simple, demure, retiring

Q. paragon
(n.) a model of excellence or perfection
SYNONYMS: exemplar, ideal, paradigm, model, good example

Q. politic
(adj.) prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient
SYNONYMS: tactful, diplomatic, judicious, circumspect
ANTONYMS: unwise, injudicious, imprudent, rash

Q. prosaic
(adj.) dull, lacking in distinction and originality; matter-of-fact, straightforward; characteristic or prose, not poetic
SYNONYMS: commonplace, humdrum, literal, pedestrian
ANTONYMS: remarkable, distinctive, poetic, inspired

Q. redundant
(adj.) extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive; profuse, lush
SYNONYMS: unnecessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix
ANTONYMS: succinct, terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate

Q. sanctimonious
(adj.) making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting, holier-than-thou
ANTONYMS: heartfelt, sincere, humble

Q. scintillating
(adj., part.) sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities)
SYNONYMS: stimulation, lively, glittering, flashing
ANTONYMS: dull, boring, insipid, flat, tame, vapid

Q. winsome
(adj.) charming, attractive, pleasing
SYNONYMS: winning, engaging, delightful, prepossessing
ANTONYMS: unattractive, unappealing, repulsive

Q. inimical
(adj.) tending to cause harm; being oppositional or adverse
SYNONYMS:: unfriendly, hostile, antagonistic, contrary


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 13 Answers

Q. abet
(v.) to encourage, assist, aid, support (especially in something wrong or unworthy)
Antonyms: hamper, hinder, impede, frustrate

Q. aver
(v.) to affirm, declare confidently
Synonyms: assert, asseverate, avouch
Antonyms: deny, repudiate, disclaim

Q. blatant
(adj.) noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense Synonyms: flagrant, glaring egregious, disagreeable loud
Antonyms: inconsequential, trifling, piddling, petty

Q. broach
(v.) to bring up or began to talk about (a subject); to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to turn sideways to the wind and waves; to pierce (a keg or cask) in order to draw off liquid
(n.) a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks

Q. buttress
(v.) to support, prop up, strengthen
(n.) a supporting structure
Synonyms: bolster, reinforce, brace, shore up
Antonyms: undermine, weaken, impair

Q. carousal
(n.) noisy revelry or merrymaking (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking)
Synonyms: binge, jamboree

Q. collate
(v.) to compare critically
Synonyms: sort out, cross check

Q. connoisseur
(n.) an expert; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments, especially in one of the fine arts
Synonyms: savant, pundit
Antonyms: ignoramus, philistine

Q. disconsolate
(adj.) deeply unhappy or dejected; without hope, beyond consolation
Synonyms: grief-stricken, inconsolable
Antonyms: cheerful, blithe, buoyant, jaunty

Q. encumber
(v.) to weigh down or burden (with difficulties, cares, debt, etc.); to fill up, block, hinder
Synonyms: overload, clog
Antonyms: unburden, unload, relieve

Q. foment
(v.) to promote trouble or rebellion; to apply warm liquids to, warm
Synonyms: instigate, incite, stir up
Antonyms: quell, quash, squelch, suppress

Q. grisly
(adj.) frightful, horrible, ghastly
Synonyms: gruesome, gory
Antonyms: pleasant, delightful

Q. herculean
(adj.) (capital H) relating to Hercules; (lowercase h) characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of requiring unusual strength
Synonyms: mighty, powerful, arduous, onerous
Antonyms: puny, Lilliputian, bantam

Q. impassive
(adj.) showing no feeling or emotion; inanimate; motionless
Synonyms: emotionless, stoical, insensible
Antonyms: emotional, passionate, excitable

Q. inauspicious
(adj.) unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future
Synonyms: unpropitious, unpromising, untimely
Antonyms: propitious, favorable

Q. incontrovertible
(adj.) unquestionable, beyond dispute
Synonyms: incontestable, indisputable, indubitable
Antonyms: debatable, dubious, open to discussion

Q. nonplussed
(adj., part.) puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss
Synonyms: perplexed, stumped, flabbergasted
Antonyms: poised, confident, assured

Q. opportune
(adj.) suitable or convenient for a particular purpose; occurring at an appropriate time
Synonyms: timely, appropriate, felicitous
Antonyms: untimely, inconvenient, inappropriate

Q. prolific
(adj.) abundantly productive; abundant, profuse
Synonyms: fruitful, fecund, proliferous
Antonyms: barren, unproductive, sterile, sparse

Q. rejoinder
(n.) a reply to a reply, especially from the defendant in a legal suit
Synonyms: reply, response, riposte, retort


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 14 Answers

Q. amenable
(adj.) willing to follow advice or authority, tractable, submissive, responsive; liable to be held responsible
S: agreeable, compliant, docile
A: unresponsive, resistant, recalcitrant

Q. berate
(v.) to scold sharply
S: chide, rebuke, reprove, reprimand
A: praise, compliment, pat on the back

Q. carnage
(n.) large-scale slaughter or loss of life
S: butchery, bloodbath, massacre

Q. credulous
(adj.) too ready to believe, easily deceived
S: gullible, trusting
A: dubious, skeptical

Q. criterion
(n.) a rule, test; a standard for judgement or evaluation
S: yardstick, touchstone, gauge, cannon

Q. deplete
(v.) to use up as a result of spending or consumption; to diminish greatly
S: exhaust, empty, drain, bankrupt
A: replenish, refill, restock, resupply

Q. expatiate
(v.) to expand on, write or talk at length or in detail; to move about freely
S: elaborate, enlarge, descant, wander, roam
A: sketch roughly, summarize, condense, adumbrate

Q. extraneous
(adj.) coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant
S: incidental, extrinsic, adventitious
A: intrinsic, relevant, pertinent, germane

Q. inception
(n.) the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc.
S: commencement, inauguration, outset
A: completion, conclusion, termination

Q. infirmity
(n.) a weakness or ailment (physical, mental, moral, etc.)
S: affliction, malady, defect

Q. jejune
(adj.) lacking in nutritive value; lacking in interest or substance; immature,
S: puerile, childish
A: stimulating, mature

Q. obdurate
(adj.) stubborn, unyielding
S: obstinate, adamant
A: tractable, flexible

Q. potpourri
(n.) a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items; a general mixture; petals mixed with spices for scent
S: hodgepodge, farrago, medley
A: homogeneous or uniform group

Q. precocious
(adj.) showing unusual early development (especially in talents and mental capacity)
S: gifted, advanced
A: backward, slow

Q. sadistic
(adj.) delighting in cruelty, excessively cruel
S: brutal, vicious, inhuman, fiendish
A: masochistic, clement, humane, merciful

Q. sententious
(adj.) self-righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words, pithy
S: aphoristic, epigrammatic, moralistic
A: discursive, diffuse, episodic

Q. supplicate
(v.) to beg earnestly and humbly
S: plead, petition, implore

Q. surfeit
(n.) an excess of overindulgence, as in eating or drinking, causing disgust; (v.) to feed or supply with anything to excess
S: (n.) glut (v.) satiate
A: (n.) dearth, paucity

Q. tortuous
(adj.) winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex; devious
S: circuitous, serpentine, labyrinthine
A: direct, straight, straightforward

Q. turgid
(adj.) swollen, bloated, filled to excess; overdecorated or excessive language
S: inflated, pompous, bombastic
A: understated, unadorned, austere


Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop LEVEL F Unit 15 Answers

Q. adamant
(adj.) firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding, obdurate, implacable, inflexible; (n.) an extremely hard substance
Antonyms: (adj.) yielding, flexible, pliable

Q. brouhaha
(n.) a confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified
Synonyms: hullaballo, tumult, pandemonium

Q. bulwark
(n.) a strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense; (v.) to provide such defense or protection
Synonyms: (n.) bastion, rampart
Antonyms: (n.) breach

Q. choleric
(adj.) easily made angry, bad-tempered
Synonyms: irascible, testy, splenetic, bilious
Antonyms: affable, genial, even-tempered

Q. cloy
(v.) to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweet or rich things; to glut, satiate, surfeit
Antonyms: stimulate, whet

Q. curtail
(v.) to cut short, bring to a halt, or end sooner than expected; to reduce
Synonyms: limit, abbreviate, abridge, contract
Antonyms: protract, extend

Q. deference
(n.) courteous yielding to the wishes and ideas of another person; great respect marked by submission, as to a superior
Synonyms: respect, consideration
Antonyms: contempt, disdain

Q. definitive
(adj.) conclusive, final, the limit of what can be done
Synonyms: exhaustive, authoritative
Antonyms: tentative

Q. demeanor
(n.) the way a person behaves, overall impression made by comportment, manner, etc.; facial appearance, mien
Synonyms: conduct, behavior, carriage

Q. enigmatic
(adj.) puzzling, perplexing, inexplicable, not easily understood
Synonyms: baffling, mysterious, inexplicable
Antonyms: intelligible, understandable, fathomable

Q. impromptu
(adj.,adv.) without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done; (n.) an extemporaneous composition or remark; a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation
Synonyms: (adj.) spontaneous, improvised, unrehearsed
Antonyms: (adj.) rehearsed, planned, premeditated

Q. mawkish
(adj.) excessively and objectionably sentimental; having a mildly sickening flavor
Synonyms: sentimentalized, mushy, nauseating
Antonyms: unsentimental, callous, insensitive

Q. mollify
(v.) to soften; to calm, allay (as an emotion); reduce in intensity
Synonyms: pacify, placate
Antonyms: aggravate, exacerbate

Q. onus
(n.) something that is heavy or burdensome (especially an unwelcome responsibility); a stigma; blame
Synonyms: obligation, duty

Q. presentiment
(n.) a vague sense of approaching misfortune
Synonyms: foreboding, premonition, hunch

Q. profligate
(adj.) given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral; recklessly extravagant; (n.) a person given to wild spending
Synonyms: (adj.) prodigal, improvident; (n.) spendthrift
Antonyms: (adj.) penny-pinching, frugal, economical

Q. remit
(v.) to send or hand in (as money); to cancel (as a penalty or punishment), to forgive; to lessen, diminish; postpone, defer
Synonyms: absolve, subside, abate, pardon

Q. requisite
(adj.) needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable
Synonyms: required, obligatory, incumbent
Antonyms: nonessential, superfluous, optional

Q. thwart
(v.) to oppose successfully; to prevent, frustrate
Synonyms: foil, baffle
Antonyms: aid, assist, abet, further

Q. sartorial
(adj.) of or pertaining to a tailor or his work; having to do with clothes or dress (especially men’s)


About Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop Level F

Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop Level F is an invaluable resource for anyone looking to improve their vocabulary. It consists of 10 units, each with 15 words. Each word is accompanied by a definition and various activities that help the learner understand the meaning and use of the word in context.

These activities include fill-in-the-blanks, sentence completion, and matching. There is also a review section after each unit to help learners recall the words they have learned.

Additionally, the program offers an online assessment that can be used to gauge a student’s progress and mastery of the vocabulary words.

The program also includes activities for practicing grammar, punctuation, and usage as well as a dictionary and thesaurus.

With Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop Level F, you can be sure to gain a better understanding of the English language and improve your communication skills.


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