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THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA CommonLit Answers – FREE Access
Find the answer key for the topic “THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA” below:
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Discussion Questions & Answers
Following are our answers based on the questions provided:
Q.1. In the text, the author quotes King Leopold, who said that European countries should “open to civilization the only part of our globe which it has not yet penetrated, [and] to pierce the darkness in which entire populations are enveloped.” What did King Leopold most likely mean by the word “civilization”?
Ans: King Leopold, by the word “civilization”, means European civilization, that is to say, all the economic, social, and political characteristics of the European world at his time.
Things like industry, monarchies, Christianity, and gunpowder-based warfare, are the main characteristics of the European world at the time, and these are the things that King Leopold is referring to by the word “civilization”.
He believed that this would bring progress, development, and enlightenment to the populations living in those areas.
Q.2. How does the Scramble for Africa compare to the European colonization of America?
Ans: The Scramble for Africa and the European colonization of America were two distinct historical events that occurred during different time periods and had different motivations and outcomes.
The Scramble for Africa refers to the period between 1833 and 1914 when seven Western European powers (Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Italy, and Russia) invaded, annexed, divided, and colonized most of Africa. This era is also known as the “New Imperialism” era. The primary motivations behind the Scramble for Africa were economic exploitation, access to natural resources, strategic military positions, and the spread of European influence. The Scramble for Africa resulted in significant political, cultural, and economic changes in Africa. By 1914, nearly 90% of African territory was under European control.
On the other hand, the European colonization of America began in the late 15th century with Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas in 1492. European powers such as Spain, Portugal, Britain, France, and the Netherlands established colonies in North and South America. The primary motivations behind European colonization of America were to establish trade routes with Asia and exploit the vast natural resources of the New World. The colonization of America led to significant demographic changes, cultural exchanges between Europeans and indigenous peoples, and the establishment of European political dominance in the region.
While both events involved European powers expanding their territories overseas, there are several key differences between the Scramble for Africa and the European colonization of America. The Scramble for Africa was a relatively short period characterized by intense competition among European powers to acquire African territories. In contrast, the European colonization of America occurred over several centuries and involved multiple European powers establishing colonies across two continents.
Additionally, the motivations behind these events differed. The Scramble for Africa was primarily driven by economic interests and geopolitical rivalries among European powers. In contrast, the European colonization of America had a broader range of motivations that included economic exploitation, religious missions, political dominance, and territorial expansion.
Furthermore, the impact of these events on indigenous populations varied. The colonization of America resulted in significant demographic changes as European settlers displaced or assimilated indigenous peoples. In contrast, the Scramble for Africa had a more direct impact on African societies as European powers imposed colonial rule and exploited African resources.
In conclusion, while both events involved European powers expanding their territories overseas, the Scramble for Africa and the European colonization of America were distinct historical phenomena with different motivations and consequences. The Scramble for Africa was a relatively short period characterized by intense competition among European powers to acquire African territories for economic exploitation and geopolitical dominance. In contrast, the European colonization of America occurred over several centuries with broader motivations that included economic exploitation, religious missions, political dominance, and territorial expansion.
Q.3. In your opinion, is it fair for one country to come into another and take their resources in times of peace? What about in times of war? Why or why not?
Ans: No, it is not fair for one country to come into another country and take their resources in times of peace. This is because such action or process is known as a form of Imperialism or Colonialism in which it causes so many negatives to the country whose resources have been taken over. Such negatives include:
-It harms the cultures and causes disunity among the natives.
-It impoverishes the native country.
-It increases dependence on the native country
-It weakens the economy of the native country.
Q.4. Can you think of recent conflicts in Africa that you can trace back to the Scramble for Africa? How do you think these conflicts might have been avoided once African countries gained their independence?
Ans: The Scramble for Africa has added to monetary, social, and political underdevelopment by prodding ethnic-spoiled common clash and separation and by molding the ethnic creation, size, shape, and landlocked status of the recently autonomous states.
The ‘Scramble for Africa’ – the counterfeit drawing of African political limits among European powers toward the finish of the nineteenth hundred years – prompted the dividing of a few nationalities across recently made African states. This section shows that apportioned ethnic gatherings have endured altogether longer and really destroying nationwide conflicts. It likewise uncovers significant overflows as ethnic clash spreads from the authentic country of gatherings parcelled to local regions where non-split identities live.
Assessment Questions & Answers
Following are our answers based on the questions provided:
Q.1. What is the central idea of the text?
Ans: The main motivation for European colonization in Africa was to spread Christianity.
Q.2. What connection does the author draw between technology and the end of colonization in Africa?
Ans: African peoples developed their own technology that enabled them to defeat the Europeans in battle.
Q.3. How does the author use paragraph 9 to refine their ideas?
Ans: It demonstrates how colonization contributed to slavery in Europe and the United States.
Q.4. What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
Ans: to highlight the cruelty and oppression caused by King Leopold II
Q.5. How does the author’s discussion of King Leopold II contribute to the development of ideas in the text? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Ans: The author’s discussion of King Leopold II in the text likely serves to highlight the role he played in driving the Scramble for Africa. For example, in the text, we learn how King Leopold II claims a land that he isn’t his. He also used brutal means to acquire the wealth of the land. The author’s discussion also serves to demonstrate how colonialism was not only driven by national interest but also by personal greed and ambition.
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In CommonLit, “THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA” is one of the students’ favorite passages authored by Bakari Bosa for grade 10 students.
In “The Scramble for Africa,” he highlights the tragic & brutal history of European imperialism in Africa.
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Hi, I’m Annie Smith, and I’ve been a teacher for over 5 years and have taught students at all levels. I love to help students get ahead of their exams and provide helpful guides on various topics.