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GREEK SOCIETY CommonLit Answers – FREE Access
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Discussion Questions & Answers
Following are our answers based on the questions provided:
Q.1. Ancient Greek culture is considered a foundation of modern Western civilization. In what ways, based on your reading, has ancient Greek society influenced us today? Discuss whether these influences are positive or negative. Cite evidence from this text, your own experience, and other literature, art, or history in your answer.
Ans: Ancient Greek culture has significantly influenced modern Western society in many ways. To name a few, it’s especially evident in areas like the democratic governance structure, philosophical ideas, and scientific principles. The Greek concept of democracy has laid the foundations of modern forms of government. Works by ancient Greek philosophers, like Plato and Aristotle, are still being studied and their thoughts continue to shape modern philosophies. As for science, Greek figures such as Pythagoras and Euclid have made contributions that became the basis of modern Mathematics and Physics. In my opinion, these influences are largely positive, contributing to the advancement of modern societies and shaping Western civilization’s identity. One can find its traces in modern literature, art, and historical documents of Western societies.
Q.2. In the context of this passage, how did ancient Greece define the roles of men and women? What kinds of exceptions were allowed to these rules? How does contemporary society define these roles similarly or differently? Cite evidence from this text, your own experience, and other literature, art, or history in your answer.
Ans: Although the male citizen had by far the best position in Greek society, there were different classes within this group. Top of the social tree was the ‘best people’, the aristoi. Possessing more money than everyone else, this class could provide themselves with armor, weapons, and a horse when on a military campaign.
The aristocrats were often split into powerful family factions or clans that controlled all of the important political positions in the polis. Their wealth came from having property and even more importantly, the best land, i.e.: the most fertile and the closest to the protection offered by the city walls.
Poorer, second-class citizens existed too. These were men who had land but perhaps less productive plots and situated further from the city, their property was less well-protected than the prime land nearer the city proper.
A third group was the middle, business class. Engaged in manufacturing, trade, and commerce, these were the nouveau riche. However, the aristocrats jealously guarded their privileges and political monopoly by ensuring only landowners could rise into positions of real power. However, there was some movement between classes.
Women citizens had to marry as a vir*in and marriage was usually organized by the father, who chose the husband and accepted from him a dowry.
Q.3. In the context of this passage, what is fair? Is this an important factor in society, both modern and ancient? Compare what you learned of Greek society from this text to your knowledge of other ancient societies — was ancient Greece a more or less “fair” society? Cite evidence from this text, your own experience, and other literature, art, or history in your answer.
Ans: In the context of the passage, “fair” refers to the concept of justice, equality, and impartial treatment of individuals in a society. Fairness is an important factor in both modern and ancient societies, as it forms the basis for social cohesion and harmony. Comparing ancient Greek society to other ancient societies, it can be argued that Greece had a relatively fair society in some aspects. The Greek concept of democracy, for instance, allowed citizens to have a say in their government’s decisions, promoting a sense of equality and justice. This is evidenced by the Athenian democracy, which granted voting rights to male citizens.
Q.4. In the context of the passage, how easy was it for a citizen living in ancient Greece to change his or her class status? In your opinion, is socioeconomic status in contemporary society more fixed or more fluid than during ancient Greece?
Ans: Most people live in villages or in the countryside. Many ancient Greece was bad and lifestyles changed difficult because farmland, water, and timber for construction were scarce. It is why many Greeks sailed off to discover new lands to settle.
The social lifestyles of most Greeks deeply involve their household and the prolonged family plays a robust position in a single’s life. Greeks have a tendency to be very pleased with their families. Being a collectivist way of life, someone’s family call and heritage affect perceptions of a character’s recognition, repute, and honor.
Assessment Questions & Answers
Following are our answers based on the questions provided:
Q.1. PART A: Which of the following statements best describes the social structure of free male citizens in ancient Greece?
Ans: There were three divisions of free men in ancient Greece: the nobles, the secondary landowning class, and the middle business class.
Q.2. PART B: How did this structure change over time in ancient Greece?
Ans: It stayed relatively the same, but loss of money or a great increase in wealth provided some mobility.
Q.3. How did slaves in ancient Greece differ from models of slavery in later societies?
Ans: There were arguments that the best way to treat a slave was with kindness rather than violence.
Q.4. PART A: Which of the following captures how foreign residents, or xenoi, regarded their status or position in ancient Greek society?
Ans: While some city-states discouraged immigration, most ancient Greek societies allowed foreign residents partial citizenship, the most that foreigners could hope to attain.
Q.5. PART B: Which of the following quotes best supports the answer to Part A?
Ans: “Despite the suspicions and prejudices against foreign “barbarians” which often crop up in literary sources, there were cases when Metoikoi did manage to become full citizens after a suitable display of loyalty and contribution to the good of the host state.” (Paragraph 16)
Q.6. In 3-5 complete sentences, summarize what life was typically like for a woman in ancient Greece. Cite evidence from the text to support your answer.
Ans: In ancient Greece, the life of a woman was generally characterized by limited freedom and restricted roles. They were expected to fulfill domestic duties such as cleaning, cooking, and caring for the children. This is supported by the statement that they were supposed to stay at home and had limited opportunities to leave. Additionally, women were often treated as possessions or objects rather than individuals with rights. This lack of autonomy is evident in the mention that they had no rights to their freedom. Overall, these factors contribute to the understanding that life for women in ancient Greece was challenging and oppressive.
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