Evidence For Evolution EdPuzzle Answers 2023 [FREE ACCESS]

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Evidence For Evolution EdPuzzle Answers

Science < Evidence For Evolution

Grade – 5 to 12 Answers

Q. All living things are related by a ____.
Ans: common ancestor

Q. Evolution can occur through natural selection. The chameleon is feeding on the grasshoppers. Why did it miss the green grasshopper?
Ans: The green grasshopper has an adaptation of green color that camouflages it. This increases its chance of surviving and reproducing offspring of the same color.

Q. They use comparative anatomy for the first evidence that whales are related to other mammals. Which of the following is NOT evidence for this relationship?
Ans: Whales are fast swimmers and very large.

Q. What are they showing you about the baby whale?
Ans: It has whiskers or hair like other mammals.

Q. What anatomical features of their bones does the whale share with several other mammals, including us?
Ans: Whales share both a similar number of bones and position of bones in their flippers with the front appendages of mammals including humans.

Q. What are the two similarities, that they discussed between the dolphin embryo and the human embryo? (choose two answers)
Ans:
– They both have arm buds
– They both have leg buds

Q. What can the evidence of comparing embryos tell us?
Ans: Whales are related to land mammals.

Q. How do we know that whales and hippos are closely related?
Ans: They share similar DNA.

Q. What do these lines of evidence tell us?
Ans: Whales evolved from four legged land animals.

Q. Who did birds evolve from?
Ans: From dinosaur like ancestors

Q. All of these evidences come together to tell us that all living things on Earth are related.
Ans: True

Q. Evolution is the process by which different kinds of living organisms have… (Select all that apply)
Ans:
– developed over time
– diversified over time

Q. Comparative embryology is…
Ans: comparing embryos

Q. Examples of features that most embryos share include… (select all that apply)
Ans:
– gills
– tail

Q. Structural evidence (we’ll call it comparative anatomy in class) involves comparing…
Ans: the body structures of organisms

Q. Examples of body structures we can compare between organisms include… (Select all that apply)
Ans:
– bones
– teeth
– organs

Q. Having the same body structures is evidence of…
Ans: common ancestry

Q. All life on Earth has _ that we share.
Ans: Genes

Q. The strongest evidence for evolution (common ancestry) is…
Ans: DNA

Q. Organisms that have more genes in common are…
Ans: More closely related

Q. The fossil record helps us… (Select all that apply)
Ans:
– compare extinct species to current species
– compare extinct species to each other
– identify that species from the past were very different than they are today

Q. The fossil record is incomplete, but it still provides us with…
Ans: evidence of change over time

Q. What are examples of evidence for evolution? (Select all that apply)
You don’t have to write this one down in your notes since it’s already there! This is just a check for understanding.
Ans:
– comparative embryology
– comparative anatomy
– fossil record
– DNA

Q. What evidence would show that we could be recently related to a whale?
Ans: whale fin and human hand have a similar bone structure

Q. Evolution is
Ans:
– metamorphosis
– changes in the gene pool

Q. Biogeography is
Ans: where living things are found

Q. Homologies are characteristics that show
Ans: common ancestry

Q. What evidence did Darwin not have?
Ans: DNA

Q. What was the biggest difference between the turtles?
Ans: size and shape of shell/neck

Q. Why did horses initially get larger over time?
Ans: their environment changed

Q. What is similar between the human, pigeon, dog, and whale?
Ans: bone structure of arm appendage

Q. What is NOT an example of a vestigial structure (something useful in evolutionary past, but not now)?
Ans: Opposable thumbs

Q. Mutations have accumulated over time and tell us who is
Ans: unrelated

Q. going to have a shorter lifespan
Ans: related

Q. Which organism did we show the most relatedness to in the BLAST (defined below) data examples?
Ans: chimpanzee

Q. What do you notice about the bones in these different organisms?
Ans: They all have the same bones in different sizes and shapes.

Q. What could these similar bones tell us about the evolution of these organisms?
Ans: Humans, horses, cats, and whales share a common ancestor.

Q. What features do these two embryos have in common? Select all that apply.
Ans:
– Tails
– Gill slits
– Eyes

Q. Based on the information shown about Gene A, which organism in this table is the most similar to camels?
Ans: Boars

Q. Which of the following is a claim of evolution?
Ans: all living things share a common ancestor

Q. Comparative anatomy is looking at the __ between species (select all that apply)
Ans:
– Similarities
– Differences

Q. Whales are:
Ans: mammals

Q. These similar bone structures are called __________________. It is an example of an organ or bone with similar underlying anatomical features found in different animals. These structures support the idea that the different animals descend from a common ancestor and serve as evidence of evolution.
Ans: Homologous

Q. A _____________________ is an anatomical feature or behavior that no longer seems to have a purpose in the current form of an organism of the given species. Often, these structures were organs that performed some important functions in the organism at one point in the past.
Ans: Vestigial

Q. Using previous information provided throughout the video, determine what these hind leg bones in modern whales are called. (bones that don’t serve a purpose)
Ans: Vestigal structures

Q. Recall that evolution simply means:
Ans: a gradual change over time

Q. Recall that _____ is the code that determines the traits of an organism that is inherited from parent(s) to offspring
Ans: DNA

Q. Select all that are evidence for evolution (change over time).
Ans:
– Comparative Anatomy
– DNA
– Embryology
– Fossil Evidence

Q. A theory _ an idea
Ans: explains

Q. The fact that your DNA is 98.6% the same as a chimp’s, and 85% the same as a mouse’s, and 50% the same as a fruit fly’s is evidence that… (PICK TWO CORRECT ANSWERS)
All three of these animals had a common ancestor.
Ans: We are closer relatives to mice than to fruit flies

Q. What country has the highest concentration of marsupials?
Ans: Australia

Q. The first supporting idea is….
Ans: fossils

Q. In evolutionary terms, homologous structures are important because…
Ans: they’re evidence that different creatures descended from a common ancestor.

Q. What marsupial is found naturally in North America?
Ans: Opossum

Q. The finches on the Galapagos islands have _ ancestors and are different from each other because_.
Ans: the same; they have evolved to suit each different island.

Q. The knowledge that two different Galapagos finches recently evolved into a new species comes from what category of evidence for evolution?
Ans: direct observation

Q. Mosquitos have become able to survive treatment with DDT insecticide. Which of these is a similar example?
Ans: the growing number of bacteria that are now antibiotic-resistant

Q. According to the following phylogenic tree, what animal is most closely related to the hippopotamuses?
Ans: cetaceans

Q. Check the four pieces of evidence that support evolution
Ans:
– Fossils
– homologous structures
– Biogeography
– Direct Observation

Q. Where did Darwin begin his voyage?
Ans: England

Q. What type of mammals did he find in Austrailia but not in other continents?
Ans: marsupials

Q. Why did this Lonseome George have a long neck?
Ans: a lack of vegetation allowed for the long necks to live and reproduce over the shorter necked tortoises

Q. How did fossil evidence of horses support evolution?
Ans: It showed that horses changed slowly over a very long period of time

Q. “In science, evolution is …”
Ans: accepted by the majority of scientists as fact

Q. What are homologous structures?
Ans: parts of different organisms that appear to have similar structures but might have different functions

Q. How do homologous structures support evolution?
Ans: It can be concluded that those organisms with homologous structures came from a similar ancestor.

Q. What is the most important piece of evidence for evolution?
Ans: DNA

Q. How does DNA support evolution?
Ans: It allows us to see who is related to whom based on similarities and differences.

Q. Which piece of evidence involves analyzing organisms bones?
Ans: fossil

Q. In Superposition the oldest fossils are located where?
Ans: bottom

Q. Are older fossils found closer to the top of layer of rocks, or closer to the bottom?
Ans: bottom

Q. Which of the following best describes homologous structures?
Ans: different function, similar structure

Q. Which of the following best describes analogous structures?
Ans: different structure, similar function

Q. What is the human tailbone an example of?
Ans: vestigial structure

Q. What are the two common features in early embryos of vertebrates?
Ans: Gills and Tails

Q. The first statement says all living things are related and come from
Ans: a common ancestor.

Q. All living things are _
Ans: all related

Q. What is comparative anatomy?
Ans: Comparing how living things are similar and different

Q. Which of these is NOT a similarity that whales share with land animals?
Ans: Have legs to walk

Q. Embryology is the study of how creatures develop before being _ (choose two answers).
Ans:
– born
– hatched from and egg

Q. What is your conclusion about dolphins?
Ans: Dolphins are more closely related to humans.

Q. The intermediate fossil of the Basilosaurid whale contains a nasal hole at __.
Ans: the middle of the snout

Q. DNA evidence shows that whales __.
Ans: and hippos share a common ancestor.

Q. Which of the following is NOT one of the four pieces of evidence used to determine that whales evolved from four-legged land mammals?
Ans: geography comparison

Q. Scientists believe that birds evolved from __.
Ans: dinosaurs.

Q. Evolution…
Ans: is supported by enormous amounts of evidence from multiple fields of science.

Q. Scientists believe that cetaceans evolved from…
Ans: a 4-legged land animal

Q. What do whales, hippos, bats, and humans all have in common?
Ans: Finger bones

Q. When a dolphin is an early fetus, where is its blowhole (nostrils)?
Ans: On the front of its face.

Q. How do fossils provide evidence that whales evolved from land creatures?
Ans: Fossils gradually change over time with small differences in each more recent animal.

Q. “DNA molecules contain chemicals that act like recipes for living things”.
Ans: DNA molecules are the instructions that make up living things

Q. Researchers compare the DNA of living creatures to find out…
Ans: Which organisms are most closely related

Q. Whales and hippos share a recent common ancestor. This probably means that…
Ans: they have similar DNA

Q. Which of the following is true?
Ans: Whales and hippos evolved from a common prehistoric ancestor that doesn’t exist today.

Q. Thousands of pieces of evidence from all branches of science support the idea that…
Ans: all living things are related.

Q. What two claims does the theory of evolution make?
Ans:
– All living things are related.
– Evolution is powered by natural processes.

Q. Instead of focusing on evidence for all of evolution, this video focuses on the evidence for one of evolution’s claims. Which claim does the video focus on?
Ans: Common ancestry (All living things are related)

Q. Are cetaceans (whales, dolphins, porpoises) more similar to fish or mammals?
Ans: Mammals

Q. Cetaceans don’t have noses, even though mammals do have noses. If cetaceans and mammals share a common ancestor, what might explain this difference?
Ans: The blow hole(s) are a modified mammal nose

Q. Are whale bones more similar to fish bones or mammal bones?
Ans: Mammal bones

Q. This is question 1 of 2 for this section: What is embryology?
Ans: The study of organisms before they hatch or are born

Q. This is question 2 of 2 for this section:
Based on a dolphin embryo, where does the blow hole come from?
Ans: Nostril grooves that move up the dolphin’s head as it develops

Q. What do the Basilosaurid fossilized bones show us?
Ans: An intermediate stage of development between land mammals and current whales. (Transition Fossil)

Q. If a whale’s closest genetic match is a hippo. Does that mean that whales evolved from hippos?
Ans: No

Q. Thousands of observable facts from completely independent fields all tell the exact same story:
Ans: All living things are related.

Q. All living things evolved from…
Ans: a common ancestor

Q. All living things are
Ans: related

Q. Cetaceans evolved from
Ans: Ancient 4 legged land mammals

Q. Comparative Anatomy is the study of
Ans: the similarities and differences between the body structures of living things

Q. Which of the following characteristics do whales have? Choose 3 that apply…
Ans:
– Gills
– Warm-blooded
– Milk for their young
– Lungs

Q. What evidence does this picture show that whales could be related to land mammals?
Ans: A modified nose

Q. Whales have bones in their front flippers that are the same as the bones in what organisms?
Ans: human, bat and hippo front limbs

Q. Embryology is the study of how organisms develop
Ans: before an organism is born or hatched

Q. What is the best definition of an “intermediate species”?
Ans: An organism that possesses traits showing the transition between an ancestral species and later descendants.

Q. Maiacetus is considered an ancient whale. Which piece of evidence suggests that Maiacetus lived in the ocean?
Ans: its fossils were found among other ocean creatures

Q. There are many fossils that show the progression of whales evolving from land creatures to sea creatures.
Ans: True

Q. Based on DNA analysis, the closest modern relative to whales is the
Ans: hippo

Q. This DNA evidence indicates
Ans: whales and hippos shared a common ancestor

Q. Which characteristics do whales and hippos NOT have in common?
Ans: Gills

Q. Four independent lines of evidence tell the same story…
Ans: whales evolved from land mammals

Q. According to multiple lines of scientific evidence, birds evolved from
Ans: dinosaurs

Q. Thousands of observable facts show that all living things on earth are related.
Ans: True

 

Grade – Higher Education/College Answers

Q. Organisms that have more genes in common are…
Ans: More closely related

Q. The fossil record is incomplete, but it still provides us with…
Ans: evidence of change over time

Q. What evidence would show that we could be recently related to a whale?
Ans: whale fin and human hand have a similar bone structure

Q. Biogeography is
Ans: where living things are found

Q. Homologies are characteristics that show
Ans: common ancestry

Q. What evidence did Darwin not have?
Ans: DNA

Q. What was the biggest difference between the turtles?
Ans: size and shape of shell/neck

Q. Why did horses initially get larger over time?
Ans: their environment changed

Q. How does the fossil record show change in horses due to a changing environment?
Ans: teeth become flattered for grazing and legs become one-toed for running.

Q. What is similar between the human, pigeon, dog, and whale?
Ans: bone structure of arm appendage

Q. What is NOT an example of a vestigial structure (something useful in evolutionary past, but not now)?
Ans: Opposable thumbs

Q. Mutations have accumulated over time and tell us who is
Ans: unrelated

Q. going to have a shorter lifespan
Ans: related

Q. Which organism did we show the most relatedness to in the BLAST (defined below) data examples?
Ans: chimpanzee

Q. What do you notice about the bones in these different organisms?
Ans: They all have the same bones in different sizes and shapes.

Q. What could these similar bones tell us about the evolution of these organisms?
Ans: Humans, horses, cats, and whales share a common ancestor.

Q. Based on the information shown about Gene A, which organism in this table is the most similar to camels?
Ans: Boars

Q. Which of the following is a claim of evolution?
Ans: all living things share a common ancestor

Q. Comparative anatomy is looking at the __ between species (select all that apply)
Ans:
– Similarities
– Differences

Q. Whales are:
Ans: mammals

Q. These similar bone structures are called __________________. It is an example of an organ or bone with similar underlying anatomical features found in different animals. These structures support the idea that the different animals descend from a common ancestor and serve as evidence of evolution.
Ans: Homologous

Q. Using previous information provided throughout the video, determine what these hind leg bones in modern whales are called. (bones that don’t serve a purpose)
Ans: Vestigal structures

Q. Recall that evolution simply means:
Ans: a gradual change over time

Q. Recall that _____ is the code that determines the traits of an organism that is inherited from parent(s) to offspring
Ans: DNA

Q. One piece of evidence that whales are descended from a land animal is…..
Ans: some whales have vestigial hip bones and a pelvis.

Q. The image above is an example of_________.
Ans: homologous structures

Q. What is biogeography?
Ans: the distribution of plants and animals

Q. Marsupials like kangaroos are plentiful and diverse in Australia. Placental mammals (like you) dominate on other continents. Why?
Ans: Where placental mammals evolved, they outcompeted marsupials.

Q. What evidence supports the idea that whale evolved from an animal that walked on land?
Ans: pelvis

Q. Using fossil evidence scientists were able to determine that whales have common ancestors with…
Ans: bison

Q. The fact that all living things have either DNA or RNA demonstrates which evolutionary principal?
Ans: All living things share a common ancestor.

Q. The knowledge that two different Galapagos finches recently evolved into a new species comes from what category of evidence for evolution?
Ans: direct observation

Q. Mosquitos have become able to survive treatment with DDT insecticide. Which of these is a similar example?
Ans: the growing number of bacteria that are now antibiotic-resistant

Q. According to the following phylogenic tree, what animal is most closely related to the hippopotamuses?
Ans: cetaceans

Q. What type of mammals did he find in Austrailia but not in other continents?
Ans: marsupials

Q. Why did this Lonseome George have a long neck?
Ans: a lack of vegetation allowed for the long necks to live and reproduce over the shorter necked tortoises

Q. How did fossil evidence of horses support evolution?
Ans: It showed that horses changed slowly over a very long period of time

Q. What are homologous structures?
Ans: parts of different organisms that appear to have similar structures but might have different functions

Q. How do homologous structures support evolution?
Ans: It can be concluded that those organisms with homologous structures came from a similar ancestor.

Q. What is the most important piece of evidence for evolution?
Ans: DNA

Q. How does DNA support evolution?
Ans: It allows us to see who is related to whom based on similarities and differences.

Q. Which piece of evidence involves analyzing organisms bones?
Ans: fossil

Q. Are older fossils found closer to the top of layer of rocks, or closer to the bottom?
Ans: bottom

Q. Which of the following best describes homologous structures?
Ans: different function, similar structure

Q. Which of the following best describes analogous structures?
Ans: different structure, similar function

Q. What is the human tailbone an example of?
Ans: vestigial structure

Q. What are the two common feature in early embryos of vertibrates?
Ans: Gills and Tails

Q. The first statement says all living things are related and come from
Ans: a common ancestor.

Q. All living things are _
Ans: all related

Q. What is comparative anatomy?
Ans: Comparing how living things are similar and different

Q. Which of these is NOT a similarity that whales share with land animals?
Ans: Have legs to walk

Q. Embryology is the study of how creatures develop before being _ (choose two answers).
Ans:
– born
– hatched from an egg

Q. What is your conclusion about dolphins?
Ans: Dolphins are more closely related to humans.

Q. The intermediate fossil of the Basilosaurid whale contains a nasal hole at __.
Ans: the middle of the snout

Q. What is one way scientists know that Maiacetus lived in the ocean?
Ans: They found the bones near fossils of other sea creatures.

Q. DNA evidence shows that whales __.
Ans: and hippos share a common ancestor.

Q. Which of the following is NOT one of the four evidences used to determine that whales evolved from four-legged land mammals?
Ans: geography comparison

Q. Scientists believe that birds evolved from __.
Ans: dinosaurs.

Q. Evolution…
Ans: is supported by enormous amounts of evidence from multiple fields of science.

Q. Scientists believe that cetaceans evolved from…
Ans: a 4-legged land animal

Q. What do whales, hippos, bats, and humans all have in common?
Ans: Finger bones

Q. When a dolphin is an early fetus, where is its blowhole (nostrils)?
Ans: On the front of its face.

Q. How do fossils provide evidence that whales evolved from land creatures?
Ans: Fossils gradually change over time with small differences in each more recent animal.

Q. “DNA molecules contain chemicals that act like recipes for living things”.
Ans: DNA molecules are the instructions that make up living things

Q. Researchers compare the DNA of living creatures to find out…
Ans: Which organisms are most closely related

Q. Whales and hippos share a recent common ancestor. This probably means that…
Ans: they have similar DNA

Q. Which of the following is true?
Ans: Whales and hippos evolved from a common prehistoric ancestor that doesn’t exist today.

Q. Thousands of pieces of evidence from all branches of science support the idea that…
Ans: all living things are related.

Q. What two claims does the theory of evolution make?
Ans:
– All living things are related.
– Evolution is powered by natural processes.

Q. Instead of focusing on evidence for all of evolution, this video focuses on the evidence for one of evolution’s claims. Which claim does the video focus on?
Ans: Common ancestry (All living things are related)

Q. What type of mammals did he find in Australia in large numbers but not so much on other continents?
Ans: marsupials

Q. Why did this Lonesome George have a long neck?
Ans: a lack of vegetation allowed those tortoises with longer necks to live and reproduce over the shorter necked tortoises

Q. How does fossil evidence of horses support evolution?
Ans: It shows that horse’s changed slowly over a very long period of time.

Q. What are homologous structures?
Ans: parts of different organisms that have similar structures (bones) but might have different functions.

Q. How do homologous structures support evolution?
Ans: It can be concluded that those organisms with homologous structures came from a common ancestor.

Q. What is the most important piece of evidence for evolution?
Ans: DNA

Q. How does DNA evidence support evolution? Choose all that apply.
Ans:
– It allows us to see who is related to whom based on similarities and differences to the DNA.
– It allows us to see the rate at which evolution occurs by tracking the number of differences in the DNA.

Q. All living things are related by a ____.
Ans:
– uncommon ancestor
– common ancestor

Q. Evolution can occur through natural selection. The chameleon is feeding on the grasshoppers. Why did it miss the green grasshopper?
Ans: The green grasshopper has an adaptation of green color that camouflages it. This increases is chance of surviving and reproducing offspring of the same color.

Q. They use comparative anatomy for the first evidence that whales are related to other mammals. Which of the following is NOT evidence for this relationship?
Ans: Whales are fast swimmers and very large.

Q. What are they showing you about the baby whale?
Ans: It has whiskers or hair like other mammals.

Q. What anatomical features of their bones does the whale share with several other mammals, including us?
Ans: Whales share both a similar number of bones and position of bones in their flippers with the front appendages of mammals including humans.

Q. What can the evidence of comparing embryos tell us?
Ans: Whales are related to land mammals.

Q. How do we know that whales and hippos are closely related?
Ans: They share similar DNA.

Q. Which of the following is NOT found in all vertebrates in their early embryonic stage of life?
Ans: Fingers

Q. Similarities found in embryos of different species suggest they all share a what?
Ans: Common ancestor

Q. Structural/Anatomical Evidence involves comparing __
Ans: Body Structures of different organisms

Q. What is the closest living relative to a bear from the following choices?
Ans: Seal

Q. Two organisms are related if they share…
Ans: a large percentage or amount of DNA

Q. All living things on Earth have some genes in common. You have genes in common with a banana.
Ans: True

Q. What is the strongest evidence we have to show common ancestry?
Ans: Molecular Evidence from comparing the DNA of different species

Q. The change over time in a species is known as?
Ans: Evolution

Q. What are some of the evidence of evolution? (Check all that apply)
Ans:
– Molecular Evidence from DNA sequences
– Comparative Embryology
– The Fossil Record
– Structural & Anatomical Evidence

Q. When did Porfirio Diaz seize power?
Ans: 1876

Q. How did Porfirio Diaz treat his political rivals?
Ans: By throwing them in jail.

Q. Who replaced Diaz?
Ans: Francisco Madero

Q. Which Revolutionary leader fought for the rights of rural southerners?
Ans: Emiliano Zapata

Q. How did Madero’s presidency end?
Ans: He was murdered and overhthrown.

Q. Who was Pancho Villa?
Ans: A revolutionary leader

Q. Under who was Mexico’s constitution signed?
Ans: Carranza

Q. What/who was the Ypiranga?
Ans: A German Cargo steam boat

Q. What did the U.S. demand of Mexico?
Ans: That they fly the U.S. flag over Tampico with a 21-gun salute.

Q. Who negotiated with Germany during World War I?
Ans: Pancho Villa

Q. What territory was Mexico to regain?
Ans: New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas

Q. What sort of sentiment did the Zimmerman telegram create in the U.S.?
Ans: Anti-German

Q. What side was Mexico on during World War I?
Ans: Neither-it was neutral

 

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