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Find the answer key for the topic “THE GETTYSBURG ADDRESS” below:
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Discussion Questions & Answers
Following are our answers based on the questions provided:
Q.1. The Gettysburg Address is unique for its length; it’s just 272 words. Do you think the speech’s brevity makes it more or less powerful? Why?
Ans: The lack of more words just goes to show that more is not always better. Lincoln gave such a compelling speech in such a small amount of words, that he simply didn’t need more. It was powerful enough.
The answer explains that the brevity of the Gettysburg Address makes it more powerful. It suggests that the fact that Lincoln was able to deliver such a compelling speech using only 272 words demonstrates that more words are not always necessary to convey a powerful message. The answer concludes by stating that the speech was powerful enough as it was, indicating that its brevity did not diminish its impact.
Q.2. Why do you think Lincoln makes so many references to the American Revolution?
Ans: Abraham Lincoln made many references to the American Revolution because he considered the Revolution and its leaders, such as Thomas Jefferson and George Washington, to be models of the ideals of democracy, liberty, and equality that he was trying to promote during his presidency.
Lincoln believed that the Founding Fathers, through the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, had created a government that was designed to protect individual rights and promote the common good. He saw the Civil War as a continuation of the American Revolution, in which the Union was fighting to preserve the ideals of the Founding Fathers against the threat of secession and slavery. Lincoln made his references to the Revolution in order to show that the Union’s cause was just and in line with the principles of American democracy.
By invoking the memory of the Revolution, he hoped to inspire and rally support for the Union cause, and to remind Americans of their shared heritage and values.
Q.3. The founders of United States all either allowed or advocated for slavery to exist in the United States. Given this fact, why would Lincoln still choose to reference them in his speech?
Ans: Lincoln referenced the founders of the United States in his speech for a couple of reasons. Firstly, he wanted to call them out for allowing or advocating for slavery to exist in the country. By acknowledging this dark part of American history, Lincoln was highlighting the need for change and progress.
Secondly, by referencing the founders, Lincoln was emphasizing that he included everyone in America as a whole. Despite their flaws and mistakes, he believed that it was important to recognize their contributions to building the nation. This inclusivity conveyed his message that all Americans should work together towards improving and bettering their country.
Overall, Lincoln’s reference to the founders served as a way to address past wrongs while also promoting unity and collective effort toward a brighter future.
Q.4. In the context of this text, how are we changed by war? How does war force us to reevaluate our priorities and our values? Draw on the speech, your own experience, and other literature, art, or history in forming your answer.
Ans: In this article, the writer explains that war has the ability to change our perspective on life. When faced with a life-or-death situation, people often realize the mistakes they have made in prioritizing things that are not truly important. The mention of many people dying during wars highlights the devastating consequences of war and how it can sometimes result in loss without any meaningful outcome. The writer also emphasizes the importance of honoring those who have sacrificed their lives by carrying on their work and ensuring that their sacrifices were not in vain. Overall, this answer suggests that war forces us to reevaluate our priorities and values by reminding us of what truly matters in life.
Q.5. In contextualizing the Civil War, Lincoln urges listeners to recall the principles upon which the United States was founded. In the context of this article, how has America changed over time? Use the speech, your own experience, and other literature, art, or history to develop and support your answer.
Ans: After America had been through a lot of wars, America changed a lot in different aspects. Political, health care, power, and economic, and opens new opportunities to its people. In history, America has lacked healthcare facilities and their soldiers are dying easily because of the poor healthcare system. But after the Civil War America built hospitals and ambulances for their soldiers. In its political view, America gained different genius leaders to lift up its country resulting in a first-world country in today’s time. America also gained power as they are the ones who can easily make technology resulting in their rapid economic growth that opens opportunity to their American people.
Assessment Questions & Answers
Following are our answers based on the questions provided:
Q.1. PART A: Which statement best summarizes the central idea of the speech?
Ans: The best way to honor the sacrifice of the dead Union soldiers is to continue fighting to preserve the nation and its values.
Q.2. PART B: Which phrase from the text best supports the answer to Part A?
Ans: “It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced.” (Paragraph 3)
Q.3. What effect does the opening sentence have on Lincoln’s message in the speech?
Ans: It portrays the Civil War as a continuation of the United States’ enduring commitment to liberty and equality.
Q.4. Based on the text, which statement best describes Lincoln’s views on the significance of the Civil War?
Ans: Lincoln believes that the war will reveal whether or not a country committed to liberty and equality can survive.
Q.5. How do the structure and diction of the speech contribute to its meaning?
Ans: Lincoln was aiming to unite the country by making an appeal to the nation’s commonality and values at the time. He believed that by bringing up the Founders, he would be able to demonstrate to the audience that, despite the divisions that currently existed, they had all had a common past.
Lincoln opted to make a reference to the Founding Fathers of the United States in his Second Inaugural Address in order to bring to the audience’s attention the shared ideals and characteristics that they all had in common. Lincoln had the belief that he would be able to contribute to the unification of the country if he were to make use of the history that was shared by both the North and the South. Lincoln believed that the Founding Fathers still exemplified the best of what the United States of America had the potential to be despite the fact that all of them had either allowed or campaigned for the institution of slavery in the United States.
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In CommonLit, “THE GETTYSBURG ADDRESS” is one of the students’ favorite articles authored by President Abraham Lincoln for grade 10 students.
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